Cocoa has more phenolic phytochemicals and a higher antioxidant capacity than teas and red wine. Evidence that the antioxidant flavonoids in tea and cocoa are beneficial for cardiovascular health. However, this analysis was based on a limited number of studies with some erroneous data.
The characteristics of these cohort studies in the pooling project were described elsewhere in detail. More recently, Chowdhury et al. Our search terms combined the exposure LA with various CHD outcomes, and the full details on the search strategy are presented in the Supplemental Material.
To address the role of LA in primary prevention of CHD using published data on LA and CHD events as well as data from unpublished cohort studies, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to examine the association between dietary LA intake and CHD endpoints in generally healthy populations.
Ischemic heart disease, stroke, diabetes mellitus, and cancer in Panama. Stat Med 21 Chocolate consumption is inversely associated with calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries: J Alzheimers Dis 20 3: The FRS models performed well in U.
Moreover, the meta-analysis could not compare LA with saturated fat or any other specific macronutrient annals. Short-term effect of cocoa product consumption on lipid profile: We will also run network meta-regression models that account for differences in the relative effects between smaller and larger studies [ 39 ].
CrossRef Google Scholar We collected information about the study populations for stratification of results by variables, including sex and geographic area. Eur J Clin NutrIn press. To do this, we adjusted for percent of energy from carbohydrates instead of SFAs in the above multivariate model.
Chocolate consumption is inversely associated with prevalent coronary heart disease: We excluded studies that 1 were not in English; 2 were without information pertinent to the key questions; 3 had fewer than participants at enrollment; 4 were not original studies; and 5 lacked internal or external validation data.
Global methods investigate the presence of inconsistency jointly from all possible sources in the network.
Chocolate consumption and platelet function. Standard pairwise meta-analyses We will perform three types of analysis: Arch Intern Med. Dark chocolate inhibits platelet aggregation in healthy volunteers.
· Systematic Review of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment Tools Evidence Syntheses/Technology Assessments, No. 85 Investigators: Michael Matheny, MD, MSPH, Melissa L McPheeters, PhD, MPH, Allison Glasser, BA, Nate Mercaldo, MS, Rachel B Weaver, BE, Rebecca N Jerome, MLIS, MPH, Rachel Walden, MLIS, J Nikki McKoy, MPH, Jason Pritchett, MD, and Chris Cited by: Abstract.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the United States.
The high content of polyphenols and flavonoids present in cocoa has been reported to play an important protective role in the development of festival-decazeville.com by: · Mozaffarian D, Micha R, Wallace S.
Effects on coronary heart disease of increasing polyunsaturated fat in place of saturated fat: a systematic review and meta-analysis of Cited by: Systematic reviews on health literacy have shown the association of this characteristic with outcomes and health-related behaviors in chronic conditions such as heart failure, diabetes mellitus, asthma, cancer, and chronic musculoskeletal festival-decazeville.com by: 7.
· Cardiovascular disease (incidence); defined accordingly: myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, coronary artery disease (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction), stroke (haemorrhagic, ischemic), and heart failure.
The following outcome assessments will be considered: record linkage (ICD codes), accepted clinical criteria, death registers, death festival-decazeville.com by: Huedo-Medina TB, Garcia M, Bihuniak JD, Kenny A, Kerstetter J () Methodologic quality of meta-analyses and systematic reviews on the Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular disease outcomes: a review.
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